## Statement and Assumption Questions and Answers Part-1

1. Statement
UPSC is tougher than MPPSC. So I will appear in MPPSC.
Assumptions
I. Every graduate should appear in MPPSC.
II. One should avoid tougher things because one might fail in them and failure might lead to a loss of time. On the other hand if something is easy the chances of succeeding are high.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Only Assumption II is relevant here as it justifies the argument in the statement of going for easier things rather than tougher things.

2. Statement
Rahim is a tall boy
Assumptions
I. Rahim’s father’s height is 6 feet 7 inches.
II. Any height above 6 feet is considered to be tall.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Both assumptions are invalid and not implied. Hence, option (d) is correct.

3. Statement
What is the distance of my home from my office?
Assumptions
I. My home is at the centre of the city.
II. My office is 10 km away from the park, which is 1 km away from my home.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Neither assumptions are valid. Hence, option (d) is correct.

4. Statement
A says to B “Refer to the Cambridge dictionary instead of the Oxford dictionary to be good at English.”
Assumptions
I. B wants to be good at English.
II. A is a good advisor.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: This advice will only be given if Assumption I is true. We cannot assume anything about A’s advisory skills hence assumption II is not necessary for the statement.

5. Statement
Narayan the CEO of the company says to his employee, “Achieve the targets we have set for you or I will fire you.”
Assumptions
I. With Narayan’s statement, the employee will work hard to achieve his targets.
II. All bosses are in the habit of intimidating their employees.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Assumption I is implied as the boss would want (and assumes) this reaction from the employee. The second assumption is invalid.

6. Statement
In the last year, Lucknow University has launched a number of management courses for the better future of its students.
Assumptions
I. These courses may attract students.
II. Lucknow University is conscious about the future of students.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Assumption I is an assumption since the University has launched the courses with this intention. Assumption II is also valid since the launching of these courses shows that the Lucknow University is conscious about the future of its students.

7. Statement
“We should take permission from the director of the college in order to organise the annual fest.” One student to another.
Assumptions
I. Without the director’s permission we can’t organise the annual fest.
II. The director does not want to celebrate annual fests.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Assumption I is obvious while Assumption II is something that we know nothing about.

8. Statement
“If you want to specialise in Human Resource Management in India, join XLRI.”
Assumptions
I. XLRI provides specialisation in HRM.
II. XLRI has the best HRM course in India.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Both assumptions are implied.

9. Statement
Most rural folks are uneducated and therefore superstitious.
Assumptions
I. Education increases rational thinking.
II. Rural folks don’t go to school.
a)If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

Explanation: Assumption I supports the basic conclusion that is drawn in the statement and is hence implied but Assumption II is something that we cannot make a judgement about since it is possible to be uneducated even if you have gone to school.

10. Statement
Since the exam is held on the third Sunday of November it is going to be held on 18th November this year.
Assumptions
I. This year it will not be held on 15th, 19th, 20th or 21st of November.
II. This year it will not be held on 16th or 17th November.
a) If only assumption I is implicit.
b) If only assumption II is implicit.
c) If both I and II are implicit.
d) If neither I nor II is implicit.