## Statement and Conclusion Questions and Answers Part-4

1. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The average number of persons per household is 5 in urban areas whereas it is 7 in rural areas. The national average is 6.

Conclusions :
I. The population per unit area in the rural areas is higher than in the urban areas.
II. More persons live in the same household in the rural areas as compared to those in the urban areas.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: The population per household and not the population per unit area is being talked about in the statement. So, only II follows while I does not.

2. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The best way to escape from a problem is to solve it.

Conclusions :
I. Your life will be dull if you don't face a problem.
II. To escape from problems, you should always have some solutions with you
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: Clearly, both I and II do not follow from the given statement.

3. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Parents are prepared to pay any price for an elite education to their children.

Conclusions :
I. All parents these days are very well off.
II. Parents have an obsessive passion for a perfect development of their children through good schooling
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: The statement implies that people are inclined towards giving their children good education. So, only II follows while I does not.

4. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : From the next academic year, students will have the option of dropping Mathematics and Science for their school leaving certificate examination.

Conclusions :
I. Students who are weak in Science and Mathematics will be admitted.
II. Earlier students did not have the choice of continuing their education without taking these subjects.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Both I and II follow

Explanation: Since the new system gives the students the option of dropping Science and Mathematics, so students weak in these subjects can also be admitted. So, I follows. Also, it is mentioned that the new system will come into effect from the next academic year. This means that it did not exist previously. So, II also follows.

5. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : It is almost impossible to survive and prosper in this world without sacrificing ethics and morality.

Conclusions :
I. World appreciates some concepts but may not uphold it.
II. Concept of ethics and morality are not practicable in life.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: Clearly, I is vague and so does not follow. However, II directly follows from the given statement.

6. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : The Cabinet of State X took certain steps to tackle the milk glut in the state as the cooperatives and government dairies failed to use the available milk. - A news report.

Conclusions :
I. The milk production of State X is more than its need.
II. The Government and co-operative dairies in State X are not equipped in terms of resources and technology to handle such excess milk.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Both I and II follow

Explanation: The use of the term 'milk glut' makes I implicit. Also, the fact that the cooperatives and Government dairies failed to use the available milk indicates that they lack the proper infrastructure to handle such quantities of milk. So, II also follows.

7. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Video libraries are flourishing very much these days.

Conclusions :
I. People in general have got a video craze.
II. It is much cheaper to see as many movies as one likes on videos rather than going to the cinema hall.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Both I and II follows

Explanation: Since both I and II provide suitable explanations to the given statement, so both follow.

8. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : Although the education system has progressed from the point of view of the number of schools, most of them are ill-equipped and have not achieved excellence in imparting education.

Conclusions :
I. In future, we should provide good teachers and equipment to these schools.
II. We need not open any more schools in the future.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: Clearly, the statement stresses the need to provide good teachers and equipment to schools. So, I follows. However, the fact that education system in India is progressing with regard to schools does not imply that no more schools should be opened. So, II does not follow.

9. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : This book 'Z' is the only book which focuses its attention to the problem of poverty in India between 1950 and 1980.

Conclusions :
I. There was no question of poverty before 1950.
II. No other book deals with poverty in India during 1950 to 1980.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows

Explanation: The phrase 'only book' in the statement makes II implicit. However, nothing about the state of poverty before 1950 can be deduced from the statement. So, I does not follow.

10. Directions : In each of the following questions a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. Give answer :

Statements : For over three decades Company X has been totally involved in energy conservation, its efficient use and management.

Conclusions :
I. The Company has yet to learn and acquire basic things in this area.
II. It is dedication that is more important than knowledge and expertise.
a) Only conclusion I follows
b) Only conclusion II follows
c) Either I or II follows
d) Neither I nor II follows