Atomic Structure Questions and Answers Part-12

1. Which of the following is the electronic configuration of \[Cu^{2+}\left(Z=29\right)\]  ?
a) \[\left[Ar\right]4s^{1}3d^{8}\]
b) \[\left[Ar\right]4s^{2}3d^{10}4p^{1}\]
c) \[\left[Ar\right]4s^{1}3d^{10}\]
d) \[\left[Ar\right]3d^{9}\]

Answer: d
Explanation: For Cu2+ electronic configuration is [Ar]3d9

2. Which of the following explains the sequence of filling electrons in different shells ?
a) Hund’s rule
b) Octet rule
c) Aufbau principle
d) All of these

Answer: c
Explanation: Aufbau Principle

3. Which of the following has more unpaired d-electrons?
a) \[Zn^{+}\]
b) \[Fe^{2+}\]
c) \[Ni^{3+}\]
d) \[Cu^{+}\]

Answer: b
Explanation: Zn+ (1 unpaired electron); Fe++ (4); Ni3+ (3); Cu+ (0)

4. Which of the following configurations is correct for iron?
a) \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}3d^{5}\]
b) \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}4s^{2}3d^{5}\]
c) \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}4s^{2}3d^{7}\]
d) \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}4s^{2}3d^{6}\]

Answer: d
Explanation: \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}4s^{2}3d^{6}\]

5. The maximum number of electrons that can be accomodated in d-sub-shell is
a) 10
b) 8
c) 6
d) 4

Answer: a
Explanation: d subshell can accomodate 10 electrons

6. The number of unpaired electrons in an atom of atomic number 24 (in ground state) is
a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 6

Answer: d
Explanation: Atomic number 24 is for Cr 1s2 , 2s2p 6 , 3s2p 6d 5 , 4s1

7. The number of unpaired electrons in a Nickel atom (ground state) are (Atomic No. of Ni = 28)
a) 2
b) 5
c) 3
d) 7

Answer: a
Explanation: Ni (28) = 1s2 , 2s2p 6 , 3s2p 6d 8 , 4s2 . Unpaired electrons 2

8. The element with its electronic configuration of its atom \[1s^{2}2s^{2}2p^{6}3s^{2}3p^{6}3d^{10}4s^{1}\]     is
a) Fe
b) Co
c) Ni
d) Cu

Answer: d
Explanation: Cu

9. In Cu. (At. No. 29)
a) 13 electrons have spin in one direction and 16 electrons in other direction
b) 14 electrons have spin one direction and 15 electrons in other direction
c) one electron can have spin only in the clockwise direction
d) None of the above is correct

Answer: b
Explanation: electronic configuration of Cu

10. Which of the following atom has no neutron in its nucleus?
a) Helium
b) Lithium
c) Protium
d) Tritium

Answer: c
Explanation: In protium \[_1H^1\] . No neutron