Cyber Security Questions and Answers Part-4

1. The full form of Malware is ________
a) Malfunctioned Software
b) Multipurpose Software
c) Malicious Software
d) Malfunctioning of Security

Answer: c
Explanation: Different types of harmful software and programs that can pose threats to a system, network or anything related to cyberspace are termed as Malware. Examples of some common malware are Virus, Trojans, Ransomware, spyware, worms, rootkits etc.

2. Who deploy Malwares to a system or network?
a) Criminal organizations, Black hat hackers, malware developers, cyber-terrorists
b) Criminal organizations, White hat hackers, malware developers, cyber-terrorists
c) Criminal organizations, Black hat hackers, software developers, cyber-terrorists
d) Criminal organizations, gray hat hackers, Malware developers, Penetration testers

Answer: a
Explanation: Criminal-minded organizations, groups and individuals cyber-terrorist groups, Black hat hackers, malware developers etc are those who can deploy malwares to any target system or network in order to deface that system.

3. ____________ is a code injecting method used for attacking the database of a system / website.
a) HTML injection
b) SQL Injection
c) Malicious code injection
d) XML Injection

Answer: b
Explanation: SQLi (Structured Query Language Injection) is a popular attack where SQL code is targeted or injected; for breaking the web application having SQL vulnerabilities. This allows the attacker to run malicious code and take access to the database of that server.

4. XSS is abbreviated as __________
a) Extreme Secure Scripting
b) Cross Site Security
c) X Site Scripting
d) Cross Site Scripting

Answer: d
Explanation: Cross Site Scripting is another popular web application attack type that can hamper the reputation of any site.

5. This attack can be deployed by infusing a malicious code in a website’s comment section. What is “this” attack referred to here?
a) SQL injection
b) HTML Injection
c) Cross Site Scripting (XSS)
d) Cross Site Request Forgery (XSRF)

Answer: c
Explanation: XSS attack can be infused by putting the malicious code (which gets automatically run) in any comment section or feedback section of any webpage (usually a blogging page). This can hamper the reputation of a site and the attacker may place any private data or personal credentials.

6. When there is an excessive amount of data flow, which the system cannot handle, _____ attack takes place.
a) Database crash attack
b) DoS (Denial of Service) attack
c) Data overflow Attack
d) Buffer Overflow attack

Answer: d
Explanation: The Buffer overflow attack takes place when an excessive amount of data occurs in the buffer, which it cannot handle and lead to data being over-flow into its adjoined storage. This attack can cause a system or application crash and can lead to malicious entry-point.

7. Compromising a user’s session for exploiting the user’s data and do malicious activities or misuse user’s credentials is called ___________
a) Session Hijacking
b) Session Fixation
c) Cookie stuffing
d) Session Spying

Answer: a
Explanation: Using session hijacking, which is popularly known as cookie hijacking is an exploitation method for compromising the user’s session for gaining unauthorized access to user’s information.

8. Which of this is an example of physical hacking?
a) Remote Unauthorised access
b) Inserting malware loaded USB to a system
c) SQL Injection on SQL vulnerable site
d) DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack

Answer: b
Explanation: If a suspicious gain access to server room or into any confidential area with a malicious pen-drive loaded with malware which will get triggered automatically once inserted to USB port of any employee’s PC; such attacks come under physical hacking, because that person in gaining unauthorized physical access to any room or organization first, then managed to get an employee’s PC also, all done physically – hence breaching physical security.

9. Which of them is not a wireless attack?
a) Eavesdropping
b) MAC Spoofing
c) Wireless Hijacking
d) Phishing

Answer: d
Explanation: Wireless attacks are malicious attacks done in wireless systems, networks or devices. Attacks on Wi-Fi network is one common example that general people know. Other such sub-types of wireless attacks are wireless authentication attack, Encryption cracking etc.

10. An attempt to harm, damage or cause threat to a system or network is broadly termed as ______
a) Cyber-crime
b) Cyber Attack
c) System hijacking
d) Digital crime

Answer: b
Explanation: Cyber attack is an umbrella term used to classify different computer & network attacks or activities such as extortion, identity theft, email hacking, digital spying, stealing hardware, mobile hacking and physical security breaching.